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The Development of Nuclear Weapons

by Samuel Duru on 3rd June, 2012 at 5:39 PM CEST

“Every thinking person fears nuclear war, and every technological state plans for it. Everyone knows it is madness, and every nation has an excuse.” – Carl Sagan, Astronomer

On August 6, 1945, an American warplane dropped an atom bomb on Hiroshima, Japan, and in an instant took an immense price in human lives and property. This was the first atom bomb to be used in warfare. The explosion completely devastated 13 square kilometers of the city, which had 343,000 inhabitants. Over two thirds of city’s structures were destroyed, leaving at least 70,000 dead and 69,000 injured. Three days later, a second atom bomb was dropped, this time on Nagasaki; 39,000 people were killed and 25,000 injured. About half the city’s structures were annihilated. Never before in the history of mankind had such a powerful weapon been used. The world had changed. It had entered the nuclear age. Within a few years, the United States, the former Soviet Union, Great Britain, France, and China developed the much more destructive hydrogen bomb.

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The Cold War––the rivalry between communist and non-communist nations––spurred on the development of superior nuclear weapons and delivery systems. Fear gripped the world as ICBMs (Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles) were developed––that could make a nuclear strike at targets in countries more than 5,600 kilometers away in minutes rather than hours. Submarines were equipped with enough nuclear missiles to blast 192 separate targets. Nuclear arsenal stockpiles were once estimated to be up to 50,000 warheads! During the Cold War, mankind stood on the brink of what some people called a nuclear Armageddon––a war with no winners.

“Nuclear conflict remains a very real and very terrifying possibility at the beginning of the 21st century.” Said the erstwhile UN Secretary General Kofi Annan. Lamentably, a nuclear disaster––far worse than what happened in Hiroshima and Nagasaki––is still a threat in our day.

Unquestionably, the two nuclear superpowers and the new members of the nuclear club, still hold ample nuclear weaponry in their arsenals to destroy the entire world population several times over! Maintaining such a large number of dangerous weapons invites yet another threat.

Unequivocally, nuclear war portends a grave danger to human life and world peace.

How can the youth importune World Leaders to grapple with the fact that proliferation of nuclear weapons threatens human life and global peace?

Samuel Duru and Action Team #8

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Stefan Alievikj

Stefan Alievikj | C:F staff

Governments nowadays prefer producing nuclear weapons to peace building. Really depressing is how bomb testings are making serious environmental deterioration; not to mention that in many wars they are on the edge to use bombs which are far more destructive than the bombs used in WWII... Take a peek as well to this video about testing in North Korea. I have seen as well an underground testing; terrible... =O381GKVbsU0

Instead of waving freedom flags, what are humans doing?

Cheers Sam

5th June, 2012 @ 9:39 AM CEST

Jatin Kataria

Jatin Kataria | Action team | CF Chapters

Its very critical issue n m sure many people might not be aware of d initiative on dis line. . . -- prohibition of chemical weapons

One of my boss in office worked with UN and the organisation with which he was working is OPCW : Organisation for the prohibition of chemical weapons... ---

The Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) is the implementing body of the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC or Convention). The OPCW is given the mandate to achieve the object and purpose of the Convention, to ensure the implementation of its provisions, including those for international verification of compliance with it, and to provide a forum for consultation and cooperation among States Parties.


6th June, 2012 @ 5:28 AM CEST

Samuel Duru

Samuel Duru | Action team

Brilliantly said Stefan! It‘s really dispiriting that governments are proliferating nuclear weapons, instead of peace. Many countries are developing and testing nuclear warheads without recourse to the adverse human and environmental wallops.

6th June, 2012 @ 5:31 PM CEST

Samuel Duru

Samuel Duru | Action team

Great stuff, Jatin! I think the UN, OPCW, the civil society and all relevant stakeholders should take a bolder stand against atomic weapons development and testing. The gathering of the world leaders in Rio this June for the UN Conference on Sustainable Development (UNCSD) presents a window of opportunity for this. Nuclear weapons development, testing and proliferation are antithetical to sustainable development.

6th June, 2012 @ 6:05 PM CEST



truly said by Samuel duru , a nuclear war can destroy whole world n no one is the winner in this war .. then also countries are making nuclear warheads which can finish many times whole world.. do you know , testing a nuclear weapon causes a lot environmental as said by stefen, but it also affects human a lot. people living nearby are under gone by nuclear radiations which damages human body a lot.. and today also people of japan whose families were affected to that nuclear bombs have different genetic appear different..

6th June, 2012 @ 10:24 PM CEST

Samuel Duru

Samuel Duru | Action team

Wonderful insight Rahul! It's really worrisome that countries are developing and proliferating nuclear warheads irrespective of the unbearable strain it puts on human life and the environment. Like you rightly said, nuclear radiations damages the human body. The UNCSD presents a window for the youth to make noise and demand real action.

For instance, we can write letters to our respective governments demanding real action on the issue among other sustainable development issues - especially now that they are gearing up for Rio+20.

12th June, 2012 @ 3:30 PM CEST

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